- The capacity of wetlands to attenuate flood waters.
- How to guard a house from floods.
- How to correctly describe wind directions.
- The difference between radius and diameter.
- Henry Quarantelli.
- How to use the photocopier.
- Germ theory.
- How to give directions.
- Why Chernobyl was like that.
- And why Hurricane Katrina was like that.
- And why 9/11 was like that.
- And why Grenfell was like that.
- The NATO phonetic alphabet.
- A bit about genealogy and taxonomy.
- Wren’s rebuilding after the Great Fire of London.
- The history of the fire brigade.
- The history of the police service.
- Where to get good late night food near where you work.
- What makes you happy.
- Recognising burnout in yourself and others.
- Some geology.
- A bit of chemistry and physics.
- Capability Brown.
- Burial practices in a wide range of cultures.
- Serious doesn’t have to equal boring.
- What to refuse to do, even for the money.
- Three good lunch spots within walking distance.
- The proper proportions of your favourite cocktail.
- How to listen.
- How to behave with junior members of staff.
- How to manage upwards.
- Seismic magnitude scales.
- Wind speed scales.
- Air quality indicators.
- A bit about imperialism.
- The wages of construction workers and nurses.
- How to get lost.
- How to (politely) tell somebody to get lost.
- The meaninglessness of borders.
- Normal accident theory.
- How maps lie.
- A bit about IT disaster recovery.
- What went wrong with the Tacoma Narrows Bridge.
- John Hersey’s Hiroshima article.
- Tuckman’s stages of team development.
- What your boss thinks they wants.
- What your boss actually wants.
- What your boss needs.
- The airspeed velocity of an unladen swallow.
- The rate at which the seas are rising.
- How children experience disaster.
- How disability affects disaster experience.
- Why women and girls experience disaster differently.
- How to quickly synthesise and draw meaning from multiple sources.
- How to corroborate information.
- Who you can turn to for help.
- How to respect what has come before.
- How to give a METHANE message.
- Kubler-Ross stage of grief model.
- The difference between complicated and complex.
- How to create an Ishikawa diagram.
- A bit about crowd dynamics.
- Which respected disaster researchers resonate with you and why.
- How to think critically about the status quo.
- How to perform CPR.
- Advanced google search techniques.
- Local emergency management and adjacent legislation.
- The seven principles of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement.
- The difference between the Hyogo and Sendai Frameworks.
- The link between John Snow and modern epidemiology.
- Lord Justice Clarke’s four principles for disaster victim identification.
- How failures of imagination have had consequences.
- How to foster reciprocity.
- How to challenge disaster myths and Hollywood disaster tropes.
- Gestalt theory.
- Kahneman’s decision making heuristics.
- Swiss cheese model of safety.
- ‘No ELBOW’ contemporaneous record keeping.
- How to use conditional formatting in Excel.
- Murphy’s Law.
Reading Time: 2 minutesJust what the world needs, another blog about COVID-19, except it’s not!
PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT
- Wash Your Hands
- Stay Home. Stay Safe
- Follow Official Advice
- Support Local Business
- WASH 👏 YOUR 👏 DAMN 👏 HANDS!
There are, by my very rough calculations, something like 7000 Emergency Managers in the UK. Or at least, there were until earlier this week.
Now I think it’s probably something like 40 million!
Supermarket shelves might be empty, but communities are overflowing with people who want to look out for each other. It’s really quite wonderful to see.
But those 7000 people are still there.
They’re working long days (and nights).
They’re supporting people who routinely respond to challenging situations (and people who have never done this before).
They’re being asked for lots of information and answers (and they are not being told lots of information or having their questions answered).
In addition to that, they are people. If we openly admit it or not, these are worrying times. We’ve got families and homes and lives; thinking about the potential impacts of COVID-19 now, and in the future, makes us anxious too.
All of our employing organisations offer support. Support is available through friends and family. Support is available through professional societies. But I get the sense that something else is required.
This week a community of Emergency Managers on Twitter™ have been sharing of official messages, but we’ve also been reacting on a personal basis too. I’ve seen lots of good humour, and mutual support. I’ve seen (and issued my own) cries for help. That culminated yesterday in a discussion about finding a way to ‘get together’ and chat.
So, as an experiment, a few of us have grasped the last roll of toilet paper by the horns (look, it’s a crisis, leave my mixed metaphors alone) and decided to experiment with having virtual work drinks. Like everyone else, we’re going to use Zoom, as it’s free and seems user friendly. Many of us haven’t used it before so I’m fully expecting a bit of a bumpy ride.
My suggested a format is ‘the best thing that has happened this week and the thing you’re most concerned about’. It’s not about sharing best practise (though that is important), it’s not about bitching (that is important too). It’s about talking through a highly unusual situation with like-minded colleagues, and an ability to decompress after what has been a very long week.
Will it work? That depends on how you measure success. My prediction is that we’ll realise it’s a great idea but needs some work! I’ll report back!
Times like these can be hard. Talk to someone and wash your hands.
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Reading Time: 4 minutes
On Wednesday I attended an interesting Emergency Planning Society event loosely themed around community resilience.
It’s a term which means different things to different people and more often than not the starting place for discussion is about definitions. “What does Community Resilience mean?”
We should instead, embrace that it’s a broad term, with varied interpretations depending on individual perspective and one which will change over time. Rather than getting hung up on what it is, we should focus on what we can do.
One of the things we can do is to be braver and more innovative. At the event Helen spoke about Naturvation, a European project looking at green infrastructure solutions to city challenges, the highlight was the unintended consequence of a Melbourne project which allows people to email love notes to 70,000 trees!
Three comments from speakers and attendees on Wednesday gave me the shivers. So I’m going to use this post to take each of those points in turn and explain my perspective, and then give a suggestion on approaching community resilience (or maybe just resilience) differently.
‘We are living in a riskier society’ – Lord Toby Harris
Lord Harris is the President of the Institute for Strategic Risk Management. He knows his stuff and is a fantastic advocate for the resilience profession. But I’m not convinced that the evidence is truly there that our world is getting more unsafe. More unsafe compared to what?
On one hand, I agree with Lord Harris that complexity is increasing and that the speed of global communication brings some new aspects. However, we should consider this against changes in demography and our collective risk tolerance.
World War One resulted in approximately 40 million casualties. The Black Death is estimated to have killed up to 60% of 14th century Europe. Baby Boomers and Millennials have experienced less real risk than nearly all generations that preceded them. Our risk perception, the things we choose to be concerned about, reflect our values as much as any objective knowledge of the hazard.
The world is definitely not without significant problems, but it’s important not to lose perspective and to understand where our rhetoric comes from and what underpins it.
‘We’ll all be living as individuals and everything will be delivered to us by drone’ – an event attendee
Lots of worrying scenarios were painted at the event – geopolitical instability, global food and water insecurity, weather extremes, tropical disease migration, antibiotic resistance…the list goes on.
For me, the scariest scenario was mentioned by an attendee; a Wall-E-style vision of the future, where the death of cities results from us all living as individuals who never leave our confines because Amazon drones or 3D printing technology makes everything available at home.
I reject this fully. The world population is urbanising at pace. That’s a relatively new phenomenon too, of course, but as a species, we’ve lived for tens of thousands of years as societal groups and I can’t see us unlearning that behaviour any time soon, irrespective of what might be technologically possible.
The idea of ‘doing’ community resilience in the absence of community also left me incredibly puzzled!
“Spontaneous volunteers need to be controlled” – an event attendee
I called this comment out on Wednesday. I think it’s an outdated view, which cements the idea that you can command and control your way out of an emergency when in reality there needs to be flexibility, decentralisation and inclusivity.
The octopus has the most well developed invertebrate brain, but it doesn’t use its brain to tell each arm to change colour, that would take too long, instead individual skin cells sense changes in its environment and respond accordingly, which collectively gives a camouflage capability.
Similarly, the human immune system is based on individual white blood cells which go about our bodies looking for pathogens, finding and solving problems without intervention from our brains.
So why is it that when our society is faced with risk, that our approach is to introduce structure and control? Having some sense of leadership parameters to work within I agree are important. But you can achieve that through decentralised approaches too – provided people aren’t doing harm, what is the problem with them supporting the response and being enabled to do so?
So, where from here?
- We need more ecologists in resilience.
- We need more historians in resilience.
- We need more complexity scientists in resilience.
- We need more economists in resilience.
- We need more ethicists in resilience.
- We need better inclusion and intersectionality in resilience.
- We need to empower people to innovate and solve problems collectively.
Resilience is naturally an incredibly broad field, it touches on so many other disciplines, all of which have lots of valuable contributions to make. We should aim to make it even broader, to bring more people into our discussion. What the resilience profession brings is a place to connect all of those dots.
Community Resilience, whatever it means to people at a given time, can only happen if we embrace how complex and messy our communities are. It can be hard for public or private sector organisations to find logical, auditable and measurable ways to ‘do’ community resilience, because of the way in which productivity and effectiveness are measured.
Our communities are filled with incredible skills, knowledge and people. We need to take a more inclusive approach and distance ourselves, at least slightly, from the neoliberal patriarchal approaches which currently dominate.
If you’d like to hear more about the event, take a look at this thread from the London Branch of the EPS for a rundown of the key discussions on the day.
Reading Time: 2 minutesMy self-imposed task to complete the UK and USA challenges continues…
UK Challenge 2 – Talk to your children about road safety and share a road safety message on social media
If you’ve experienced crossing a street with me you’ll know that I take road safety very seriously. Sadly my cautiousness hasn’t rubbed off on one of my friends, who has been hit by a car on four occasions (fortunately not seriously).
I know the Green Cross Code is a thing…but if I’m honest, I couldn’t tell you what it was. I posed the same question to my housemates…“Stop. Look. Listen.” they cried, putting me to shame.
Growing up I remember TV road safety promotional films with a man in a questionable green outfit, and one with some hedgehogs. Today’s TV (and YouTube) films are more graphic, depicting snapping bones, perforated lungs and craniums hitting asphalt.
Although it’s not specifically road safety and it’s from down under, the Dumb Ways To Die campaign was a viral hit, having been watched by over 110 million people. It’s actually impossible not to sing the jingle after watching the clip.
This got me to wondering, is there any evidence that ‘shock tactics’ work any better than cute animated cartoons?
USA Challenge 2 – identify who is in charge of emergency preparedness where you live, reach out to them and let them know you’re playing 30Days30Ways.
Ok, this is a super easy task – it’s me! You can find out more about me or connect with London Resilience Team for more information about emergency preparedness in London. In fulfilment of the challenge, I’ll also share a link to a useful twitter list of official emergency planning accounts in the UK.
Last year I made an estimate that there are 8,500 emergency planners across the UK. Despite restructures and budget cuts, I think I’m still comfortable that this figure is ‘about right’, meaning that on average there is one ten-thousandth of an emergency planner per person.
I’m sure there are some massive errors in my calculations (let me know how I could improve my estimate!). However, what this also highlights is another reason that we should all take responsibility for preparing for emergencies. Something my SMEM colleague Mary Jo Flynn put very succinctly earlier: